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Domain Names Basics
Domain names are typically categorized by their extension, which is their identifying code. The three most popular types of Top Level Domains (TLDs), which are domains that are not associated with a country, are:
A domain name basically works like an address forwarding service.
All of your web site content sits on a computer with a unique address.
This is called an IP address. An IP address is made up of a series of numbers, such as 18.104.22.168.
Your domain name directs visitors to your site using this IP address.
We use domain names instead of IP addresses because most people find it easier to remember a name rather than a series of numbers. It's amazing how we take things for granted.
Take domain names, for instance.
Most people know what they are but few understand all of the details involved.
These usually do not become evident until a domain name is needed for a Web site.
A domain name is basically a Web site address.
.COM (Short for .commercial) - Domain names with the .com extension are by far the most popular, and can be purchased by any individual or business.
.NET (Short for .network) - This domain extension was originally designed to be used by technical Web sites. However, domains using this extension can be registered by anyone.
.ORG (Short for .organization) - Originally designated for non-profit firms and any other organizations that did not fit under the .com or .net extension, any individual or business may now register a .org domain name.
There are Country Level Domains, which use country extensions. Each country has its own domain extension. Canada, for example use .ca, the United States of America use .us, United Kingdom - .uk, etc. Most countries have specific rules surrounding exactly who can register domains using their extension and for what purpose; it's therefore important to look before you leap.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), the organization responsible for the administration of TLDs worldwide, has recently approved new extensions that are not specific to any country. These are used for Alternative Domain Names, like .areo, .biz, .coop, .info, .museum, .name, .pro. Each has been designed for a specific use, and is accompanied by certain restrictions. You can find more information about these TLDs here: http://www.icann.org/tlds/
Although .com, .net and .org are typically the most visible and talked-about extensions, they are not the only ones available for use. From a functional perspective, country-level domains work just as well as any TLDs. Therefore, don't necessarily settle for a TLD when you can get a better one using a different extension.
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